Usually planting seedlings occurs in the spring, as this gives the plants the greatest time for rooting and growth before the winter cold. But at the same time, shrubs and trees can be replanted at any time of rest, i.e., after the foliage is discharged and before bud break.
You can plant seedlings in the fall and winter. Winter landing time is the most gentle for the root system, but difficult for the gardener himself. For this reason, it is recommended to leave this type of planting to professionals. Based on all of the above, it is better to replant most of the crops in spring, after the soil thaws and before bud breaks, this will allow the seedling to settle down more easily.
Only good and healthy seedlings can produce excellent growth, fruiting and flowering. Therefore, when choosing them, be especially careful. It is advisable to purchase seedlings in specialized nurseries in the native region, so that the plants acclimatize quickly and well. In this case, the plants must be healthy, without traces of pests and diseases. These are the seedlings we sell in our nursery KFH Orchard.
Saplings of fruit trees should have strong roots, the thickness of the trunk is more than 2 cm, 3 or more skeletal branches, the length of which is from 45 cm. When purchasing, be sure to inspect the trunk and bark, so that they do not have any mechanical damage, stains, or color changes Rose seedlings, in addition to healthy stems, must have a strong root system. If the plant is supplied in a container, its roots should sit firmly in the earthy coma, with an open rhizome, it should not dry out.
If you plan to plant fruit trees in the garden, then you need to choose the right place for planting and neighbors for the tree. It is advisable to draw a diagram of the site, which accurately indicate the location of fruit crops and all points of future work.
First, determine the types and varieties of trees. After that, make a plan of landing, denoting for each type of its distinctive features:
maximum tree height to account for the degree of shading of neighboring crops;
type of tree crown to prevent thickening of plantations;
when fruiting begins - early, middle or late ripening to ensure proper care. Add the approximate distance between crops to the scheme in order to prevent close proximity between tall and spreading trees and small bushes, as in this case they will start to disappear. The distance is calculated as follows:
Medium and tall trees with a wide crown should grow on a plot whose perimeter is at least 10 m by 10 m.
The perimeter of the site for dwarf trees is 5 m by 5 m.
The perimeter of the site for columnar cultures - 2 m by 2 m.
It is also important to remember about the proper selection of neighbors, because not all trees are able to get along peacefully with each other.
Follow these rules:
Sit near the apple tree pear, plum, quince and cherry. And do not plant viburnum and sweet cherry.
Rowan and apple trees feel good next to the pear. But to grow a tree near the plum, cherry and viburnum is not recommended.
Cherry and plum get along well near the apple tree. But next to a pear, we do not advise them to plant.
Most species of pears known to summer residents do not impose special requirements on the exposure and composition of the soil. But it is better to take root and grow pear trees on humus-rich, loose soils and well-lit areas. Young plants do not tolerate drought. In the first years they need to be watered plentifully and often. Pears begin to bear fruit at the age of 3-8 years.
As a result of hybridization of species, specialists in the field of selection have developed a huge number of interesting varieties. Among the popular ones are: “Pear Klappa Favorite”, “Lada Pear”, “Nectar Pear”, “Cathedral”, “Allegro”, “Dibrovskaya”, “Beauty Chernenko”.
Skoroplodny varieties of some apple trees can bloom in the first spring. But they are not yet sufficiently developed to form a full harvest in the fall. Therefore, for a good survival rate, the buds are cut off even before their blooming. In the second year (provided that the plant develops without problems), a couple of dozen flowers are left on the tree.
Among the most easily adaptable varieties of apple trees are the following: “Grushovka Moskovskaya”, “Antonovka ordinary”, “Summer striped”, “Cranberry”, “Dessert Isaeva”, “Gift of Grafsky”, “Cinnamon New”. Good varieties: "Chinese Kerr", "Arkadik", "Oval", "Medunitsa" and "Candy".